Root canal treatment is a dental procedure used to treat infection at the centre of a tooth. It is also known as ‘’endodontics’’.

The infection is caused by bacteria that live in the mouth and invade the tooth. It can happen after damage to teeth, tooth decay, leaky fillings.

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At the beginning of the treatment you will be given local anaesthetic.

Then the bacteria need to be removed for the infection in the root canal to be treated.

After the bacteria have been removed, the root canal will be filled and the tooth sealed with filling or crown.

The inflamed tissue at the end of the tooth will heal naturally.

A tooth can survive for up to 10 years after root canal treatment.

However, sometimes the tooth cannot be saved with a treatment and a surgical procedure needs to be carried out and this is called Apicoectomy.

Apicoectomy is a procedure where the dentist opens the gum tissue near the tooth, to see the underlying bone and to remove any inflamed or infected tissue.

A small filling may be placed to seal the end of the root canal, and a few stiches are placed to help the tissue heal properly.

Over a period of months, the bone heals around the end of the root.